Looking for a puppy? Learn about the Turkish Boz Breeders Code of Ethics to ensure that you get the best puppy from the most reputable breeder! Only puppies bought from registered TBBA breeders are ensured to be bred from the best Boz stock, healthy, well socialized, and raised with ethical love and professionalism. Visit us today!
REGISTERED BREEDER BY-LAW
In ADDITION TO the CODE OF ETHICS adhered to by all TBBA members, all Registered Breeders of the TBBA will also adhere to the following:
ARTICLE 1: GENERAL ETHICS
Registered Breeders shall always place priority on the TBBA Boz Shepherd Breeding Program as both stated and implied below, over his or her individual breeding program, in all communications, matings, advertising, and placement of puppies and dogs.
SECTION 1. TURKISH BOZ BREEDERS ASSOCIATION (TBBA) BOZ SHEPHERD BREEDING PROGRAM
The Mission of the TBBA Boz Shepherd Breeding Program is to promote and ensure the responsible and ethical breeding practices of theTurkish Boz Shepherd dog. The Program unites and supports all Registered Breeders of the TBBA to facilitate communication and access to all Turkish Boz Shepherd lines available within its membership in order to maintain the health, integrity, versatility, and quality of this exceptionalbreed. The TBBA urges Registered Breeders to work collectively toward maintaining and improving the Boz Shepherd as a whole and disapproves of any Registered Breeder withholding access to his or her breeding stock without just cause. TBBA Registered Breeders guide thefuture health and quality of the Turkish Boz Shepherd dog for generations to come and firmly uphold the importance of intentionally selectingbreeding pairs that complement one another to maintain balanced dogs in function, structure, and temperament.
SECTION 2. UPHOLD THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF PROFESSIONALISM
(a) Each breeder shall act in accordance with the objectives and purposes of the TBBA.
(b) Each breeder will be courteous and helpful to all persons contacting him or her regarding dog information.
(c) Each breeder will always maintain the highest level of professionalism regarding other breeders of all breeds and breed clubs.
(d) Each breeder will not make false or misleading statements about the dogs or character of any TBBA member who meets the standards of the TBBA Code of Ethics.
(e) Each breeder will continue to educate him or herself on all related and applicable health information, genetics, and breeding practices; reading at minimum the articles posted on the "News and Publications" area of the TBBA website yearly.
(f) Each breeder will stay informed of all updates and policy changes within the TBBA.
(g) When a buyer is looking for a puppy in a shorter timeframe than a breeder will have his/her own puppies or dogs available to place, the TBBA urges that breeder to refer the buyer to another TBBA Registered Breeder who does have puppies or dogs available within that timeframe. Exceptions may include buyers desiring a puppy from a specific breeding pair, for example.
SECTION 3. HEALTH AND WELLBEING OF DOGS AND OTHER ANIMALS
(a) Each breeder will maintain the highest quality standards of health and care to ALL of his or her dogs and other animals under his or her care; and abide by the Association's minimum standards for the care and upkeep of dogs mandated herein.
(b) Each breeder will maintain all proper immunizations for all dogs and other animals on his or her property as recommended by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA); and to the best of his or her knowledge, keep all animals free of external and internal parasites.
(c) Each breeder will take all necessary precautions to safeguard unspayed bitches from unplanned matings and unneutered dogs from unplannedprocreation.
(c) The Turkish Boz Shepherd is a large, active breed that must form a strong bond with his family, human or animal, to develop appropriatelyas a well-adjusted dog. This breed requires a large time commitment; more-so than many other dog breeds. Therefore:
1. The TBBA mandates that any Registered Breeder actively breeds no more than two (2) separate breeds of dog in any given five (5) year duration. Breeders desiring to breed more than two (2) separate breeds may apply for an exception to be approved and closely monitored by the Board.
a. Kangals, Akbash, Anadolu, Kars, and other such coban kopegi shepherd dogs to be used as TBBA approved outcrosses all qualifywith Turkish Boz as one (1) breed for this purpose.
1. (Example: a Breeder actively breeds three Turkish Boz Shepherds, uses one Akbash as an outcross, but does not actively breed Akbash separately from Turkish Boz, and also breeds Australian Shepherd dogs. This is actively breeding two (2) breeds, as theAkbash being bred is utilized as part of the Turkish Boz Breeding Program.)
2. All Breeder dogs will have active roles in their environment, either as livestock guardian dogs, as working dogs in another venue, or asfamily companions with regular interaction. The TBBA does not approve of any dog being primarily kenneled solely for breeding purposes.
3. A Registered Breeder may only breed and house as many dogs as is reasonably appropriate for the space and time that the RegisteredBreeder can provide. Emphasis must be placed on the welfare of the dogs above all else. Proper exercise, cleanliness, purpose, and family bond for each Turkish Boz dog owned and/or bred is imperative.
SECTION 4. PLACEMENT OF PUPPIES AND DOGS
(a) Registered Breeders will refuse to deal knowingly with dog retailers, dog wholesalers and/or unethical dog breeders;
1. This includes any person(s) intending to use the dog for dog fighting or other inhumane activity abhorred by the TBBA, or intending to breed for such purposes;
2. This also includes any person(s) intending to cross a Turkish Boz dog with anything other than a pre-approved outcross or registeredbreeding Turkish Boz dog;
(b) Registered Breeders will not supply dogs for raffles, "give-away" prizes or other such projects;
(c) Registered Breeders will not sell to a buyer where there is concern that the puppy will be not be properly cared for;
(d) Registered Breeders will not sell to a buyer when he/she determines that the Turkish Boz breed is not a good fit for the buyer or his/herenvironment.
ARTICLE II: BREEDING REQUIREMENTS
SECTION 1. BREEDING STOCK.
(a) All breeding stock will be registered as Registered Breeder Stock with the TBBA as per the guidelines set forth in Article V of these By- Laws, PRIOR to any matings;
(b) All Registered Breeder Stock will meet the following:
1. To be in good health and weight and adequately immunized as recommended by the AVMA; and to be free from infectious diseases andexternal and internal parasites at time of mating, or at time of semen collection for AI matings;
2. All bitches to receive adequate diet and exercise plus necessary veterinary care and supervision as needed during gestation, whelping, and lactation.
3. Hips and Elbow Xrays are STRONGLY recommended for all breeders.
(c) Breeding bitches will be:
1. Preferably 24 months of age, OR.
2. Mated no sooner than second heat.
Registered Breeder Stock will be aware of the weaknesses and strengths of any dog or bitch, and of its parents and siblings, if possible, before considering the dog for breeding stock, and for achieving balance in each mating.
SECTION 2. BREEDING.
(a) Matings will always place priority on maintaining the balance of health, function, and temperament of the Turkish Boz Shepherd;
(b) The TBBA disapproves of intentional matings to create extreme or exaggerated offspring that are outside the breed standard, as it jeopardizesthe health and function of the dogs.
(c) Priority will always be placed on breeding Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd to Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd, where complementaryattributes are present.
(d) Pre-approved Outcross (Outcross defined in Article V below) matings are authorized, in condition that ALL of the following apply:
1. A Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd dog of equal compatibility is not available to breed, either by Registered Breeder refusal, or geneticincompatibility;
a. Efforts must be made to secure a mating with an equally compatible Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd, if one exists, BEFOREplanning an Outcross mating. Failure to do so may result in disciplinary action by the TBBA.
2. The Outcross dog is pre-approved under the guidelines set forth in Article V of these by-laws;
3. The puppy litter is registered as a XX% Percentage Boz Shepherd litter in accordance with Article V of these By-Laws;
4. The Full Registration of any dogs produced by said mating will be registered as XX% Percentage Boz Shepherd in accordance withArticle V of these By-Laws;
5. Puppies produced by said mating will be advertised and placed as XX% Boz Shepherd and in no way be advertised, marketed, referredto, or promoted as a "Turkish Boz Shepherd dog", such a title being reserved for Purebred dogs only.
6. Percentage Boz Shepherd dogs produced from first generation matings (50% Boz Shepherds) must be bred back to a Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd for litters to be registrable. Once the threshold of 86% Boz is obtained, they can be considered "pure" for the purpose of breeding and sales.
7. The TBBA does not condone matings between a Percentage Boz Shepherd to another Percentage Boz Shepherd without prior boardapproval.
a. Exceptions may be appealed to the Board and undergo review for approval.
(e) Repeated Outcross matings from the same genetic lines or same breeding pair is not condoned by the TBBA as it does not comply with theintent of the Outcross breeding program. Any Registered Breeder suspected of doing this will be reviewed for disciplinary action in accordancewith Article VI of these By-Laws.
(c) Any dogs found to have severe health issues at any point in their lifespan shall no longer be bred, and:
1. WRITTEN notification of findings must be sent to the TBBA so that it may be noted on the Registry System;
a. The dog will be noted as Medically Retired Breeding Stock on the Registry.
2. All owners of all offspring must be informed of said health issue in order to maintain integrity in breeding practices. This may involvecontacting other breeders to inform them and their placed puppies, if necessary.
(d) If accidental matings occur, the Registered Breeder MUST inform the TBBA as soon as it is discovered.
1. If the mating occurred between two Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd dogs that have not yet received Breeder Stock Registration, orbetween one unapproved Outcross, or one 50% or higher Percentage Boz Shepherd with or without Breeder Stock Registration, and onePurebred Turkish Boz Shepherd dog with orwithout Breeder Stock Registration:
a. Litter registration will be withheld by TBBA until both Sire and Dam obtain Breeder Stock Registration or Approved Outcrossstatus.
b. Registered Breeder must inform potential buyers of the accidental nature of the mating and explain that their puppy's registrationwill be held until parent dogs obtain Breeder Stock status.
1. If both Sire and Dam do not receive Breeder Stock status, the litter WILL NOT be registrable.
2. If the mating occurred between one 50% or higher Percentage Boz Shepherd with or without Breeder Stock Registration, or onePurebred Turkish Boz Shepherd with or without Breeder Stock Registration, and any other cross, breed, or lower percentage BozShepherd, the litter IS NOT registrable.
3. If there is question as to the parentage of the puppies, the Registered Breeder must DNA test the puppies at an appropriate age by blooddraw to establish parentage.
4. If parentage cannot be established:
a. The litter IS NOT registrable.
b. By time of advertisement and placement of puppies, Registered Breeders must inform buyers that the parentage is unknown andtherefore no guarantees can be made regarding any typical Turkish Boz Shepherd structural, temperamental, or functional traits in thepuppies.
(e) Registered Breeders will be fined the larger amount of either $1000.00 or 50% of market value for one puppy of any accidental litter, independent upon whether the litter can be registered.
1. The fine will be payable to the TBBA and must be paid before litter registration is released.
2. The purpose of the fine is to deter breeders from intentionally breeding "accidental" litters with unapproved, unregistered, or youngdogs, but still allowing a truly accidental litter to be registered if it qualifies as a registrable litter.
(f) Registered Breeders found to have more than one accidental mating in a two year time period will be reviewed for disciplinary action inaccordance with Article VI of these By-Laws.
SECTION 3. MAINTAINING A LOW INBREEDING COEFFICIENT (IC).
(a) Inbreeding Coefficient (IC)
1. Inbreeding Coefficient Defined:
a. The percentage of chances for two alleles to be identical by descent when inbreeding occurs. The inbreeding coefficient is different than lineage. Lineage will be tracked separately.
(b) The TBBA mandates that all Registered Breeders actively breed to lower and maintain the IC of all produced litters below 6.25%.
1. While some dogs will have a IC substantially higher than that level, the Registered Breeder will cognizantly mate pairs that will ultimately achieve this goal to maintain genetic diversity and health in the breed.
(c) The following is an IC list to be used as reference:
Father/daughter, mother/son or brother/sister → 25% (1⁄4)
Grandfather/granddaughter or grandmother/grandson → 12.5% (1⁄8)
Half-brother/half-sister → 12.5% (1⁄8)
Uncle/niece or aunt/nephew → 12.5% (1⁄8)
Great-grandfather/great-granddaughter or great-grandmother/great-grandson → 6.25% (1⁄16)
Half-uncle/niece or half-aunt/nephew → 6.25% (1⁄16)
First cousins → 6.25% (1⁄16)
First cousins once removed or half-first cousins → 3.125% (1⁄32)
Second cousins once removed or half-second cousins → 0.78125% (1⁄128)
Third cousins or second cousins twice removed → 0.390625% (1⁄256)
Third cousins once removed or half-third cousins → 0.1953125% (1⁄512)
(d) "An inbreeding calculation may be used to determine the general genetic distance among relatives by multiplying by two, because any progeny would have a 1 in 2 risk of actually inheriting the identical alleles from both parents."
1. "For instance, the parent/child or sibling/sibling relationships have 50% identical genetics."
(e) Registered Breeders WILL NOT actively mate father/daughter, mother/son, or siblings from USA born litters
(f) Registered Breeders WILL NOT actively mate grandparents to grandchildren, half-siblings, and uncle/aunt to niece/nephew from USA born litters.
SECTION 4. CARE AND PLACEMENT OF PUPPIES.
(a) Puppies shall receive general care and adequate diet;
(b) Puppies shall remain with the dam and litter mates until at least eight (8) weeks of age;
(c) Puppies must have ear cropping completed by no later than 12 weeks of age, if applicable;
(d) Puppies are to be regularly handled, properly socialized with livestock animals, if possible, and be accustomed to human contact;
(e) Puppies are to receive adequate immunization as recommended by the AVMA prior to and at such times as to be effective on the date ofrelease;
(f) Each Registered Breeder is required to familiarize each potential buyer of the adult physical size, power and strength, temperament, housingand dietary requirements, and various functions of the Turkish Boz Shepherd, as well as determine if the Turkish Boz is a good fit for the potential buyer and his/her environment;
(f) Each Registered Breeder is required to provide by WRITTEN contract between breeder and buyer for castration/vasectomy or spaying/tubalwhen the puppy or dog for sale has hereditary or temperamental faults of such nature as to make his/her breeding detrimental to the furtherance ofthe Turkish Boz Shepherd breed;
(g) Maintain and pass onto buyers of puppies or adult dogs the following records: Health, Breeding, Registration and Pedigree; unlessregistration is withheld by WRITTEN agreement between Buyer and Seller and notification sent to the TBBA;
(h) Provide buyers with a written guarantee approved and required by the TBBA and provide written detail on feeding, general care, the TBBA requirements for FULL dog registration, and data on needed veterinary care (i.e. worming, inoculations, preliminary hip/elbow tests, etc.)
ARTICLE III: MAINTAINING VALUE
In order to maintain the integrity of the TBBA breeding program and highest quality of puppies produced, Registered Breeders will advertise and place all puppies at current market value. Any breeder deemed to be mass producing puppies or lowering the quality of the dogs produced will be disciplined in accordance with Article VI of these By-Laws.
ARTICLE IV: REGISTRATION OF LITTERS, DOGS, AND BREEDING STOCK
SECTION 1. REGISTRATION NOMENCLATURE.
(a) There are three (3) distinctive Registration categories utilized by the TBBA:
1. Purebred Turkish Boz Shepherd
a. Any registered Turkish Boz Shepherd that is above 96.88% Turkish Boz Shepherd.
2. XX% Percentage Boz Shepherd
a. Any Registered Turkish Boz Shepherd and Approved Outcross mix that is between 50% and 96.88% Turkish Boz Shepherd.
3. Approved Outcross
a. Any TBBA approved Kangal, Akbash, Guregh, Tuzkoy, or other such Yurok Shepherd dogs which have, for centuries, beengenetically integrated into the Boz Shepherd lines as a fundamental aspect of the Landrace model to be used ONLY to integrategenetic diversity in the breed.
(b) Landrace Model
1. Landrace Defined:
a. "An aboriginal population of domestic dogs that emerged as an ecotype within a specific ecological niche. They are largely theresult of environmental adaptation, mostly under conditions of natural selection, but nevertheless influenced by human preferences andinterference. In fact, they fit the requirement of a specific human society in a particular ecosystem. A landrace is heterogeneous butwith enough characteristics in common to permit its recognition as a group."
2. Landrace Model
a. The breeding model adopted by the TBBA in order to maintain genetic diversity and health in the Turkish Boz Shepherd breed, whereby all matings are intentionally planned to mimic as closely as possible the "natural" integrity of the breed as it was established asa Landrace.
SECTION 2. LITTER REGISTRATION.
(a) The TBBA urges Registered Breeders to register litters before six (6) weeks of age;
(b) The Litter Registration Form, available at turkishboz.com/registry, must be emailed or mailed with the appropriate registration fee to:
2. (PO BOX Address to come)
(c) The Registry will reflect updated data within two (2) weeks of receipt and review of said Litter Registration Form.
SECTION 3. DOG REGISTRATION.
(a) The TBBA urges dog owners to fully register their dog(s) for genetic and TBBA Breeding Program purposes.
(b) The Dog Registration Form, available at turkishboz.com/registry, must be emailed or mailed with the appropriate registration fee to:
2. (PO BOX Address to come)
(c) The TBBA urges Registered Breeders to facilitate access and possibly offset a portion of cost for the following:
1. Preliminary hip and elbow screening completed prior to registration;
SECTION 4. BREEDING STOCK REGISTRATION.
(a) The TBBA mandates that all Registered Breeding Stock be owned solely by a TBBA Member or Registered Breeder;
(b) Both the sire and dam of a mating must be Registered Breeder Stock or one be an Approved Outcross before mating occurs;
(c) Breeder Stock registration requirements:
1. Full OFA certification completed prior to registration;
a. Registered Breeders must submit both pictures of x-ray films and OFA paperwork with the application to include in the RegistrySystem.
2. DNA test only for Breeder Stock dog to verify and compare parentage in Registry System completed prior to registration;
a. DNA results must be submitted with the application to include in the Registry System.
3. Breeder Stock must be in the 85th percentile on the Turkish Boz Shepherd Assessment Scale to earn Breeder Stock Qualification Status;
a. See Article V below for more explanation of the TBBA Registry System.
(d) All Registered Breeder Stock bitches MUST be owned and housed with a TBBA Registered Breeder;
(e) If Registered Breeder Stock dogs are owned by a TBBA Member:
1. The Registered Breeder utilizing the dog will file a Sponsorship Breeder Form with TBBA;
a. The Registered Breeder owning the bitch in the mating assumes responsibility for fulfilling all Registered Breeder obligations in accordance with Article II of these By-Laws.
(f) The Breeder Stock Registration Form, available at turkishboz.com/registry, must be emailed or mailed with the appropriate registration fee to:
2. (PO BOX Address to come)
ARTICLE V: THE TBBA REGISTRY SYSTEM
SECTION 1. NOMENCLATURE.
(a) Vertical Pedigree
1. A pedigree system in a vertical format that enables the entry of more data than is possible on a horizontal, traditional pedigree.
(b) Turkish Boz Shepherd Assessment Scale
1. The assessment tool utilized by the TBBA to evaluate the quality, function, and temperament of all registered Turkish Boz dogs and Perecentage Boz dogs in an unbiased manner.
2. The scale rates dogs from 0 - 100, 100 being the highest possible score, in a variety of categories to produce an overall score for each dog in the Registry.
SECTION 2. PURPOSE.
The TBBA Registry System is an interactive database system loosely based on a vertical pedigree which allows Registered Breeders, Members, and potential buyers access to all pertinent data for his or her own purpose. Registered Breeders utilize the Registry as a tool to identify andlocate the strongest complementary mates for breeding and to track health and genetic information in their lines and individual breeding program. Members utilize the Registry as an educational tool to learn more about their Boz Shepherd's line history and genetics, while potential buyersutilize the Registry to identify specific lines that best fit their desire and function for a future Boz Shepherd. The TBBS Registry Systemcontains all gathered and tracked information to maintain the Landrace Model utilized by the TBBA Breeding Program.
SECTION 3. ACCESS.
(a) The TBBA Registry database logs all information provided to the TBBA. Not all information, including personal contact information, should be openly available to the public. Therefore, certain data will only be accessible by the Registry Director to maintain discretion and privacy of its members.
1. All Membership Applications allow members to choose what personal information will be publicly accessible on the registry.
(b) The Registry Director level MUST maintain utmost professionalism and the privacy of all TBBA members. Any breach of this professionalism will result in disciplinary action in accordance with Article VI of these By-Laws.
SECTION 4. TURKISH BOZ ASSESSMENT SCALE.
(a) The Turkish Boz Assessment Scale is an unbiased evaluation tool utilized by the TBBA to determine the quality of all TBBA dogs and Breeder Stock. It is designed as follows:
1. The Assessment Scale ranges from 0 to 100, 100 being the highest possible score obtainable.
a. All potential Breeder Stock must obtain a minimum score of 85 to gain Registered Breeder Stock Status.
2. Several attributes of the Breeder Stock are evaluated;
a. OFA hip evaluation score
b. OFA elbow evaluation score
c. Height to Weight ratio
1. relative to humans
2. relative to livestock
f. Temperamental adaptability
g. Conformation relative to breed standard
h. Structure relative to breed standard
k. Earned Certifications (not required, but points may be earned in the following)
1. LGD Certification
2. Predator Control Certification
3. Citizenship Certifications;
a. Therapy Dog Certification
b. Canine Good Citizen
c. Service/Guide Dog Certification
4. Performance Certifications;
a. Luring Course Certification
b. Agility Course Certification
c. Hunting Course Certifications
1. Contact TBBA for approval
5. Law Enforcement Certifications;
a. K-9 unit Certification
b. Search and Rescue Certification
c. Other Law Enforcement Certifications
1. Contact TBBA for approval
l. Approved Turkish Import Dogs and the first two generations of litters from those dogs carrying outside genetics relative to thecurrent USA breeding stock will be awarded XX points
(b) Point algorithms and details regarding the Assessment Scale will be approved for the Turkish Boz Assessment Scale separately and includedhere, replacing this text, at a future date.
SECTION 6. DATABASE.
(a) The Registry Database will include the following data:
2. Photos of Turkish Boz Shepherd, Percentage Boz Shepherd, or Approved Outcross
3. Images of OFA certifications and x-rays
4. Assessment Scale Scores
a. Scores in each subcategory and cumulative
5. All certifications earned by a dog
6. Inbreeding Coefficient data
ARTICLE VI: DISCIPLINE
SECTION 1. DISCIPLINARY ACTION.
(a) Failure to comply with the Registered Breeder By-Laws will result in:
1. SUSPENSION or EXPULSION from the TBBA;
2. Being LISTED as removed from the TBBA, including the reasons for removal, on the TBBA website; such notice being available to thepublic;
3. Possible reporting to animal welfare agencies and associated legal action, if applicable.